Lessons learned: Participative Local Planning for the Development and Organization of Water Management
Water is an element to be considered holistically: being it a multipurpose resource (drinking water potable, agricultural water, pasture water) its management involves several actors (institutional, socio-professional, users) in territories with variable community sizes (municipalities, circles, regions); its management needs to lie within a wider framework of development planning or even land use regulation.
Territorial collectivities are autonomous entities without any hierarchical relationship. As a corollary to Lesson 1, the need of a cooperation, strategy coordination, and synergy creation among the various levels of community (Regional Assembly, Circle Councils and Municipalities) has been made visible.
Territorial communities suffer from sluggishness in know-how transfer about natural resources in general and water resources in particular. Even tough numerous developments are currently realized based on their initiatives, know-how transfer acquiring legal status (decrees on know-how transfer and concomitant resource allocation) will contribute to the strengthening of contracting authorities for the water sector (drinking water, agricultural and pasture water) by territorial communities.
Municipal institutions are still young: this is their second governance exercise. Hence elected municipal officers have yet to acquire the needed capacities in terms of dissemination, planning, resource mobilization (budgetary weakness) and implementation of development plans. The aid of the support partners has played an important role in the growth of the actors’ capacities, specifically territorial and local communities, and in the strengthening of their cooperation relationship. This support effort needs to be pursued.